Friday, March 8, 2019

Month 7 Week 3 Academic Writing


Five tips to help your writing.

Some of these tips may seem elementary but I continue to see them in your academic writing. After viewing the video think about your writing and comment on one area you can improve on. Take one minute and write (1) the main point you are taking from this week's post.

A few words about “Academic Voice” 
 Use precise, succinct language
 Avoid contractions  Avoid slang and casual language 
 Make your subjects and verbs clear 
 Use transitions to connect your ideas
 Use other academic texts as models
Academic writing does not mean: 
 Sounding like a boring robot
 Including every fancy word you have ever seen
Do: 
 Write clearly and directly
 Read to write – become familiar with style and tone in our field’s publications
  Many academic texts follow a “broad – narrow – broad” pattern
  Look for this pattern as you read academic texts

Friday, March 1, 2019

Month 7 Week 1

Literary Divices

Find an example of one of the listed devises in a piece of literature and post for your colleagues to distinguish (guess).

Wednesday, February 27, 2019

Month 7 Week 2

How to analyze a poem 

Terms to know when analyzing poetry 

Foot - grouping of stressed and unstressed syllables used in line or poem
  • Iamb - unstressed syllable followed by stressed
    • Made famous by the Shakespearian sonnet, closest to the natural rhythm of human speech
      • How do I love thee? Let me count the ways
  • Spondee - stressed stressed
    • Used to add emphasis and break up monotonous rhythm
      • Blood boil, mind-meld, well- loved
  • Trochee - stressed unstressed
    • Often used in children’s rhymes and to help with memorization, gives poem a hurried feeling
      • While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
  • Anapest - unstressed unstressed stressed
    • Often used in longer poems or “rhymed stories”
      • Twas the night before Christmas and all through the house
  • Dactyls - stressed unstressed unstressed
  • Structure (poetry) - The pattern of organization of a poem. For example, a Shakespearean sonnet is a 14-line poem written in iambic pentameter. Because the sonnet is strictly constrained, it is considered a closed or fixed form. An open or free form poem has looser form, or perhaps one of the author’s invention, but it is important to remember that these poems  are not necessarily formless.
IF
BY RUDYARD KIPLING   
(‘Brother Square-Toes’—Rewards and Fairies)
If you can keep your head when all about you   
    Are losing theirs and blaming it on you,   
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,
    But make allowance for their doubting too;   
If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,
    Or being lied about, don’t deal in lies,
Or being hated, don’t give way to hating,
    And yet don’t look too good, nor talk too wise:

If you can dream—and not make dreams your master;   
    If you can think—and not make thoughts your aim;   
If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster
    And treat those two impostors just the same;   
If you can bear to hear the truth you’ve spoken
    Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools,
Or watch the things you gave your life to, broken,
    And stoop and build ’em up with worn-out tools:

If you can make one heap of all your winnings
    And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss,
And lose, and start again at your beginnings
    And never breathe a word about your loss;
If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew
    To serve your turn long after they are gone,   
And so hold on when there is nothing in you
    Except the Will which says to them: ‘Hold on!’

If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue,   
    Or walk with Kings—nor lose the common touch,
If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you,
    If all men count with you, but none too much;
If you can fill the unforgiving minute
    With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run,   
Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it,   
    And—which is more—you’ll be a Man, my son!

DISCUSS the following (In this case I am aware that many of you will have some of the same responses. This is the time to say that you agree with so-in-so and then give your comment.):
1.  Using text evidence write one or two sentences to summarize the poem.
2.  Refer to one or more details from the text to support your understanding of the poem of what is the author trying to convince his son. 
3.  Does the author think that doing these things is an easy task? How do you know Support your response with evidence from the text. 
4. Do you agree or disagree with the poem's theme about what it takesto be fully realized person? 

Thursday, February 14, 2019

Month 6 Week 3 and 4

ALLUSIONS this is for weeks 3 and 4.

When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. 

Historical, biblical, literary, artistic, and cultural
Finding allusions in literarture.

Review these simple allusions identify and interpret, then find two examples on your own using a piece of literature you have read and post at a minimum of two for your colleagues to identify and interpret. Try to address at least two from the categories in blue.

1.  It was such an obvious lie I was surprised his nose didn't start growing.

2.  On his first trip to Hawaii he was so amazed by its beauty he though it must be the Garden of Eden.

3. They were on a diet, but ice cream was their Achilles heel.

Thursday, February 7, 2019

Month 6 Week 2 ARE YOU A CHARACTER?


 Seven Common Character Types
by Terry W. Ervin II

Fiction writers employ a variety of characters while weaving their tales. Beyond the standard definitions of protagonist (the main character in a literary work) and antagonist (the main character or force that opposes the protagonist in a literary work), recognizing the types of characters and the parts they play while reading an interesting story can add to the experience. In addition, a fuller understanding of the character types and their uses can increase a writer’s effectiveness in weaving his own fictional tales.
Below is a list of common character types, followed by an explanation and short example.
Confidante- someone in whom the central character confides, thus revealing the main character’s personality, thoughts, and intentions. The confidante does not need to be a person.Example: In a story, Melvin Sanders is a detective on the trail of a serial killer. He travels with his pet dog, a pug named Chops. Instead of listening to the radio, Melvin talks to Chops, telling him his theories about the serial killer and his concern he may never discover the killer’s identity.

In this example Chops is a confidante.
Dynamic Character - a character which changes during the course of a story or novel. The change in outlook or character is permanent. Sometimes a dynamic character is called a developing character.Example: Ebenezer Scrooge, in A Christmas Carol by Dickens, was very stingy with his money. He worked his employees very very hard for little pay. After his experiences with the ghosts that visited him, he changed his ways, paying his employees a more than fair wage, providing days off work and actually giving gifts.

In this example Ebenezer Scrooge is a dynamic character.
Flat Character - a character who reveals only one, maybe two, personality traits in a story or novel, and the trait(s) do not change.Example: In a story about a friendly teacher named Sandra Smith, Louis Drud is a janitor in her building. Louis is always tired and grumpy whenever Sandra runs across him and says hello.

In this example Louis Drud is a flat character.
Foil - a character that is used to enhance another character through contrast. Cinderella’s grace and beauty as opposed to her nasty, self-centered stepsisters is one clear illustration of a foil many may recall from childhood.Example: The main character in a story, a teenager named Sally, is a very honest person. She always tries to tell the truth and consider everyone’s feelings. The teacher assigns Betty to be Sally’s science lab partner. Betty enjoys gossip and likes to see people’s reactions, especially if it involves hurt or embarrassment.

In this example Betty is a foil.
Round Character - a well developed character who demonstrates varied and sometimes contradictory traits. Round characters are usually dynamic (change in some way over the course of a story).Example: A character in a story named Elaine never cuts anybody a break. She tells her friends and coworkers that charity and compassion have no place in society. On the other hand, Elaine can never pass up feeding a stray kitten or puppy, and always tries to find a good home for lost or abandoned pets.

In this example Elaine is a round character.
Static Character – a character that remains primarily the same throughout a story or novel. Events in the story do not alter a static character’s outlook, personality, motivation, perception, habits, etc.Example: Bert, a bumbling salesman, never takes the time to organize his files, properly record his sales, or follow up with customers. Finally, his boss gets fed up and fires him. Bert struggles for two months to find a new sales position. During that time, his car is repossessed for nonpayment and he maxes out his credit cards. Bert finally finds a new sales position but, before a week passes, he is called into a conference with his new boss. Bert is informed he must get organized or he’ll be fired. A week later the new boss fires Bert after he fails to follow up with an important customer.

In this example Bert is a static character.
Stock Character - a special kind of flat character who is instantly recognizable to most readers. Possible examples include the “ruthless businessman”, “shushing old librarian” or “dumb jock.” They are not the focus nor developed in the story.Example: The main character in a story, Bernard, is hired by a computer company. His secretary is a blonde named Gidget, who is cute but forgetful and never gets a joke.

In this example Gidget is a stock character.


Although the character types are listed separately, characters may be (and often are) a combination. A foil, for example, could also be a round, flat, or even a stock character. While most protagonists in novels are dynamic (change over the course of the novel) and round, they don’t have to be, especially if the novel is plot driven as opposed to character driven. It’s not unheard of for a short story to feature a static protagonist.

Some character types are, by definition, opposite and cannot be considered. For example, one cannot have a character that is both flat and round, or a character that is both static and dynamic.

The terms are useful for understanding a character and his place within the story. But, in the end, it is not about how a character can be named and classified (except maybe within the confines of a literature course). As a writer, it’s all about understanding the characters as you create and bring life to them for the reader.
Copyright © Terry W. Ervin II. All rights reserved.



Discuss an interesting character from a piece of literature you have read. What made them memorable. 

Monday, January 28, 2019

Month 6 Week 1 Discussion Review


REMEMBER TO COPY AND GIVE TO YOU TEACHER EACH MONTH
Image result for Why should students do discussion boards
The statements below will help you when making comments for the next semester. After a discussion with the staff we are requesting that after you post you make a copy and bring to your monthly meetings. It is very difficult for your fellow scholars to comment on your post when you are weeks late. The purpose of our discussion boards are to follow the standards that maintain our WASC accreditation which is very helpful for you and your course work. Regardless of your college plans the discussion boards are an important process and is a helpful tool for your communication skills in the work place. Do Discussion Boards Engage Students? 

I would like you to read (skim) through the article to better understand the use of discussion boards.
Because you are not directly involved with your fellow scholars it is important to know their thoughts about the topics, it also gives you an insight to others

Many students that have been fulfilling their class responsibility to Discuss have become disappointed with their fellow peers in that they are not contributing. Le'ts give it the "ol college try" and step up you act. I am interested in you posts as well

       QUALITY                   RELEVANCE       CONTRIBUTION             GLOBAL PICTURE
Appropriate comments: thoughtful, reflective, and respectful of other student's postings.
Clear reference to assignment or prior posting being discussed.
Furthers the discussion with questions, or statements that encourage others to respond. Participates beyond the required number of postings.
Clearly connects the posting to text or reference points from previous readings, activities, and discussions.


After looking over the article make a few comets that your fellow scholars might find interesting and can make a contribution. 

Wednesday, January 9, 2019

Mid-term study guide

Those of you who are "Johnny on the Spot" with answering the questions, please do them on a word doc and send to me via email hchipman@pylusd.org 
I do not want others to just copy the answers without reading through and trying to figure the correct response. 
I do like that you commented on the difficult ones that makes for good discussion. 

Month 7 Week 3 Academic Writing

Five tips to help your writing. Some of these tips may seem elementary but I continue to see them in your academic writing. After viewi...