Thursday, October 10, 2019

Month 2 Week 4

Why Should You Cite?Image result for Student article to read on plagiarism
Citing identifies and credits sources used in a research paper or project, acknowledging their role in shaping your research. This also allows others to follow-up on or retrieve this material.
When you borrow from other sources to support your argument or research you must give proper credit. By crediting your sources, you avoid plagiarism. If you do not cite a source, you are guilty of plagiarism.
What to cite?

A summary (aka ‘abstract’) briefly captures the main ideas of your source
A paraphrase is a restatement of the text of your source in your own words
Quotations can be direct (using quotation marks) or indirect (no quotation marks and often introduced by ‘that’)

EXAMPLE
A noted scientist states, “A hundred years ago, the average temperature of the earth was about 13.7°C (56.5°F); today, it is closer to 14.4°C (57.9°F)” (Silver 11).
Note: the period follows the parentheses.
Plagiarism is a form of cheating or stealing. It is the unacknowledged use or appropriation of another person’s words or ideas.
Read the article below "How to Avoid Plagiarism"

Download or save these two documents for reference. 

MLA format
Sample MLA

Discussion assignment: What was an "Ah Ha" moment for you after reading the article. How will you put into your studies? What area of in text citations is most confusing for you?

Monday, September 30, 2019

Month 2 Week 3

 Informative/Explanatory Writing. By high school, the expectation is that students will "write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content." (ICS, pg. 60).

Read the following Example and comment on the bold statements. Where are these items illustrated in the piece.

File Name: I9-10R
Secret Communication of Wolves
 Informative/Explanatory Grade 9-10 Range of Writing

 The Secret Communication of Wolves
 A long piercing howl shatters the quiet night of a northern forest. The howl grows into a chorus of yelps and barks, and the valley echoes to the chilling sound. The leader of the pack starts the noise, while other pack members, as well as other wolf packs, join in (O’Toole 22).
 Among wolves, communication is a very highly developed skill. For instance, the howl of the pack leader has many different meanings. Most of the time a lone howl is a warning for other packs. It tells them to stay away, for there are many young to be protected and food to be guarded (O’Toole 23). A howl can also be a way of marking their territory. Many wolves howl when they feel another pack is too close. Some wolves howl when they are lost or trying to find another member of the pack. Most wolves use this howl at least once a day to locate missing pups or other pack members (Primate). To wolves, the territory that they occupy (the territory of some packs may cover 20-120 square miles) is like a house to a human being. They feel that they must protect it all times, and, other packs must not trespass. Neighboring packs may share up to a mile of territory, but rarely will they share more than that (Primate). All wolves know that if they run through another pack’s territory, they run the risk of being killed (Primate). In addition, wolves mark their territory by scent (mostly urine). This helps all wolves know where their territory begins.
 Introduces the topic: 

The writer gives context that sets the stage for the essay; includes topic / focus of the piece, which previews what is to follow (the ways and 

To wolves, the territory that they occupy (the territory of some packs may cover 20-120 square miles) is like a house to a human being. They feel that they must protect it all times, and, other packs must not trespass. Neighboring packs may share up to a mile of territory, but rarely will they share more than that (Primate). All wolves know that if they run through another pack’s territory, they run the risk of being killed (Primate). In addition, wolves mark their territory by scent (mostly urine). This helps all wolves know where their territory begins.

Uses precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to manage the complexity of the topic Uses appropriate, varied transitions to clarify relationships among ideas and concepts and create cohesion.

Moreover, much communication is done through body language. Many postures have been evolved to reduce conflict and aggression among pack members. Facial expressions are the most obvious. Generally, bared teeth with ears erect and pointed back can indicate a threat by a dominant male (Wolfhaven). In contrast, a closed mouth, slitlike eyes, and ears pulled forward (and close to their head) will most likely indicate subordinate behavior (Wolfhaven). Wolves also use their tail position to communicate emotion. Threatening wolves hold their tails high, almost perpendicular, while more submissive wolves lower themselves before dominant pack members. These lower class members often have their tails tucked between their legs (Primate). A wolf that has been defeated in a fight can avoid being attacked by its victorious companion by taking a posture similar to that of a pup begging for food (University of Oklahoma Press 91).

Develops topic with well-chosen, relevant, sufficient, accurate facts and concrete details

Wolves must communicate at all times when they are hunting. They have to work together to catch most of their food (due to the size of the food that they hunt). The concept that wolves use is called the “Pincer Attack” (Baily 91). When using the pincer attack, the pack splits in two groups and surround the prey (mostly deer, sheep, and other medium-sized mammals). One of the groups causes a diversion, while the other half ambushes the helpless prey. Wolves can move quickly and quietly. Many of them operate on stamina rather then on sudden bursts of speed (Baily 85). Because of the cooperation of the group, when it comes to hunting, the pack usually ends up victorious, and they have enough food for a couple of days. If they pack gets a big kill, then the leader will have the next strongest male guard the kill during the night to keep off other animals.

 Like other animals, wolves communicate with a social ladder. They have one dominant male (usually the leader of the pack) (Primate). This wolf has many responsibilities. He has to make sure that all the other wolves don’t get out of line, and makes sure that there is harmony among the group. The pack leader does this by barking at the other wolves and fighting with the other males. Normally, the pack leader will not fight with the females of the pack unless it is necessary (Timberwolf). With the leader comes a dominant female. Together they are known as the breeding pair. These two are in charge of the pack, raising the young, selecting denning areas and rendezvous sites, capturing food, and maintaining the pack’s territory (Primate). These two wolves are also responsible for the offspring. Not many of the other wolves mate for offspring because that is the dominant pair’s job. Every year the dominant pair will produce one litter of pups. These pups take the place of the older wolves that are too old to hunt. Because the pack is so close and they communicate all the time, many of the other female wolves help the dominant female with taking care of the young (Wolfhaven). The dominant female will assign each pup to an older female. This helps the other females learn how to be a mother, and it helps the dominant female so she can hunt and not have to worry about taking care of her young.

Analyzes ideas, concepts, and information to make important connections.

If only humans could communicate as well as wolves, today’s society would be wonderful. Wolves’ methods of communication are simple and usually resolve conflicts without violence. Wolves have been living together for many, many years so they must be doing something right. Maybe we can learn something from the wolves instead of trying to make them extinct.

Provides a conclusion that follows from and supports the information presented by articulating.

Month 2 Week 2

Many of the Discussion Board posts from Dr. Chipman will be a lesson connected to one or more of the Common Core Standards for English Language Arts.

Your writing assignments throughout high school should lead you to being college and career ready. Your writing should be clear, coherent, organized and well developed
The first genre we will be exploring will be the narrative. The intent of a narrative is to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.
 Students often complain that they do not know what to write about when assigned a narrative piece. I suggest thinking about a well remembered event; something that you can tell a good story about using vivid language to describe the places and people and provide an indication of the event's significance. Link to the two sites below, they will give you some additional information.

Writing Genres
How to write a remembered event. 

Your discussion topic: Tell us about an author you feel is exceptional in their writing. They are able to put you "there". Give an example of a line or phrase from their writing that demonstrates their ability to give the reader a true feeling of the description.

Month 2 Week 1






Welcome to Language Arts Discussion Board! If you are here it is because you are meeting the a-g requirement for English Language Arts (bravo) !
For some of you this may be a review but review is always a good skill to practice. After you have posted pleases make a copy of your comment so you can turn in to your teacher. Discussion boards are worth 10% of your grade and are a requirement for a-g courses.


Protocols for Online Discussion Boards                 

Purpose of Discussion Boards: To engage in informative, asynchronous (not going at the same rate and exactly together with something else, in particular) discussions with other participants and-in building community in the online environment. Click on the link, A few tips. for some basic information. We will not have the "threads" listed in this video.

 All posts should be on line by Tuesday in order for comments to happen throughout the week.

Rules of Protocol:
1.  Review the subject matter of the discussion board before making a comment.
2.  Ensure that your postings are relevant to the subject at hand.  It is normal for some topics to drift from from the stated subject. However, to ensure maximum benefit for everyone, keep your postings as close to the subject as possible.
3.  Be concise. Two or three paragraphs should be sufficient. 
4.  Word your message with civility. When responding to an existing message, address the issue of the message constructively. Do not go "off-topic" or use another member's message to air your views.
5.  Use appropriate language. Messages containing inflammatory remarks, personal insults and/or obscenities will not be posted.
6.  Do not write using all capital letters as this is considered SHOUTING.
7.  URLs to helpful applicable websites are welcomed, but please include the proper name and a brief description.
8. Consistent participation in the discussion boards is a requirement for the course.
9. Assume all communications you write belong in the public domain

Let's begin:

1. In a word, describe school.


2. Write one word that describes you as a person.

Question:
Why is English Language Arts important to society and our futures?

Month 2 Week 4

Why Should You Cite? C iting identifies and credits sources used in a research paper or project, acknowledging their role in shaping your r...