Wednesday, May 16, 2018

Month 10 Week 1 Craft and Structure

Craft and Structure: Informational Reading




 Craft and Structure Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.

Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.
Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.

Month 10 Week 2 Study Tips

Your final will be the same format as your mid term; combination of multiple choice, short answer, and revising/editing. The link below may be of some help for your final. 

How to study for a test.

Terms and devices to know and understand: 
mood 
tone 
inferences
foreshadowing
author's purpose 
understanding a stories theme 
character symbolization
when does a stories climax occur
author's point of view
irony

Analyzing and evaluating a selection and responding to the questions. 
  • Never leave an answer blank on a short answer or essay test. Even if you have no idea what the correct response is, just writing something (anything!) could give you some partial credit, which is better than nothing.
  • If you aren’t sure what an answer to a question is, skip it and come back to it later. Other questions further in the test may give you clues/ hints to the questions you skipped.
  • If you are really confused about a question, ask for clarification. By doing this you are helping yourself and your classmates who might be just as confused as you are.
  • After you answer a question, reread the question. Often short answer/ essay questions have multiple parts to them.
  • Be aware of how much time you have to take the test, and how many questions you have to answer in that time. You don’t want to spend half your time answering one question (unless your test has two questions).
  • Keep in mind what the motivation of your instructor is in giving a short answer/ essay format test. He or she is not trying to see how well you have memorized the information, but how well you have grasped the concepts and their meaning/ implications. With this motivation in mind, if you can’t remember a specific term, don’t sweat it. Try to describe the term, and you will probably get points for that answer.
  • Pay attention to what the question is asking you to do. For example, are you being asked compare and contrast, describe, list, summarize, analyze, identify, or a combination of these?
Many of the short answers will ask for evidence from the short story, in scoring we will be looking for the evidence. 


Month 10 Week 3 Last Blog

This will be your last post for the year. Please look back on the year and REFLECT. 
I would like to thank each of you for the wonderful comments throughout the year, you have given me food for thought. I feel confident that the sophomores are ready for American Literature and will be excellent experienced bloggers. Have a wonderful summer.
Sincerely, Dr. Chipman

Monday, April 23, 2018

Month 9 Week 1 Types of Irony

After reviewing the information on this post, try your hand at writing an ironic statement, or cite an author's piece you found ironic. 

Definition: There are three types of irony: verbal, situational and dramatic.
Verbal irony occurs when a speaker’s intention is the opposite of what he or she is saying. For example, a character stepping out into a hurricane and saying, “What nice weather we’re having!”
Situational irony occurs when the actual result of a situation is totally different from what you’d expect the result to be. Sitcoms often use situational irony. For example, a family spends a lot of time and money planning an elaborate surprise birthday party for their mother to show her how much they care. But it turns out, her birthday is next month, and none of them knew the correct date. She ends up fuming that no one cares enough to remember her birthday.
Dramatic irony occurs when the audience knows a key piece of information that a character in a play, movie or novel does not. This is the type of irony that makes us yell, “DON’T GO IN THERE!!” during a scary movie. Dramatic irony is huge in Shakespeare’s tragedies, most famously in Othello and Romeo and Juliet, both of which we’ll examine later.
Why Writers Use It: Irony inverts our expectations. It can create the unexpected twist at the end of a joke or a story that gets us laughing — or crying. Verbal irony tends to be funny; situational irony can be funny or tragic; and dramatic irony is often tragic.

Irony in Shakespeare and Literature

Dramatic Irony in Othello
Othello is one of the most heartrending tragedies ever written, and Shakespeare’s use of dramatic irony is one of the reasons the play is so powerful to read and watch.
We know that the handkerchief used as proof of Desdemona’s infidelity was, in fact, stolen by Emilia at Iago’s behest. Desdemona was framed by Iago, and we know she is innocent. But we are powerless to stop Othello; he has resolved to murder his wife.
Iago, whom Othello considers a friend, has been plotting Othello’s demise for the duration of the play. Othello does not know that Iago is the one pulling the strings, but we do. We know he is the one who convinces Roderigo to kill Cassio, even as we watch him pretend to help Cassio after he is wounded. Only we see Iago kill Roderigo before he can reveal the truth. In this way, we are complicit with Iago’s misdeeds. We are the only witnesses, and yet we can do nothing.
Dramatic Irony in Romeo and Juliet
In the final act of this archetypal love story, Shakespeare employs dramatic irony to keep the audience on the edge of their seats.
Friar Laurence sends a messenger to tell Romeo about Juliet’s plan to drug herself into deathlike coma. We watch in horror as the messenger fails to deliver this vital piece of information. And though we know that Juliet is not really dead, we see Romeo poison himself because he cannot live without her.
Verbal Irony in A Modest Proposal
Johnathan Swift’s A Modest Proposal is a classic example of verbal irony. He begins seemingly in earnest, discussing the sad state of destitute children:
[…] whoever could find out a fair, cheap, and easy method of making these children sound, useful members of the commonwealth, would deserve so well of the public as to have his statue set up for a preserver of the nation.
Seems reasonable enough. But things take a very ironic turn:
I have been assured by a very knowing American of my acquaintance in London, that a young healthy child well nursed is at a year old a most delicious, nourishing, and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled; and I make no doubt that it will equally serve in a fricassee or a ragout.
Is Swift sincerely proposing that we eat children? No, but he has indeed inverted our expectations and written a wonderfully ironic essay.
Situational irony in The Gift of the Magi
In this short story by O. Henry, a wife sells her hair to buy her husband a watch chain, and her husband sells his watch to buy her combs for her hair. Both have made sacrifices in order to buy gifts for one another, but in the end, the gifts are useless. The real gift is how much they are willing to give up to show their love for one another.
Situational irony in “Messy Room” by Shel Silverstein
Whosever room this is should be ashamed!
His underwear is hanging on the lamp.
His raincoat is there in the overstuffed chair,
And the chair is becoming quite mucky and damp.
His workbook is wedged in the window,
His sweater’s been thrown on the floor.
His scarf and one ski are beneath the TV,
And his pants have been carelessly hung on the door.
His books are all jammed in the closet,
His vest has been left in the hall.
A lizard named Ed is asleep in his bed,
And his smelly old sock has been stuck to the wall.
Whosever room this is should be ashamed!
Donald or Robert or Willie or–
Huh? You say it’s mine? Oh, dear,
I knew it looked familiar!
The speaker criticizes the room’s owner at length, only to discover that the room is his own.
(http://blog.flocabulary.com/definitions-and-examples-of-irony-in-literature/)

Month 9 Week 2 Point of View and Purpose



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What's the purpose? 

A one page printout showing how to put together a coffee table that came in a box

Author’s Purpose: ______________________________________________________________

Discuss the types of literature that would use the types of writing. 

Month 9 Week 3Types of Poetic techniques

Remedy's song "Never Again"

Find examples of the following poetic techniques: in Remedy's song "Never Again"

Alliteration, Assonance, Metaphor, Repetetion, Rhyme, Simile, Onomatopoeia.

As you listen to the song by Remedy make connections to what you have learned during your studies of the HolocaustYour resources my come from the book Night by Elie Wiesel or the Diary of Anne Frank, and/or your history book. Additionally you may have watched movies or completed some research on your own.

Analyzing Poetry Month 9 Week 4

-Analyzing poetry watch please. 

Terms to know when analyzing poetry 

Foot - grouping of stressed and unstressed syllables used in line or poem


  • Iamb - unstressed syllable followed by stressed
    • Made famous by the Shakespearian sonnet, closest to the natural rhythm of human speech
      • How do I love thee? Let me count the ways
  • Spondee - stressed stressed
    • Used to add emphasis and break up monotonous rhythm
      • Blood boil, mind-meld, well- loved
  • Trochee - stressed unstressed
    • Often used in children’s rhymes and to help with memorization, gives poem a hurried feeling
      • While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
  • Anapest - unstressed unstressed stressed
    • Often used in longer poems or “rhymed stories”
      • Twas the night before Christmas and all through the house
  • Dactyls - stressed unstressed unstressed
  • Structure (poetry) - The pattern of organization of a poem. For example, a Shakespearean sonnet is a 14-line poem written in iambic pentameter. Because the sonnet is strictly constrained, it is considered a closed or fixed form. An open or free form poem has looser form, or perhaps one of the author’s invention, but it is important to remember that these poems  are not necessarily formless.

Try your hand at analyzing this poem. Give your classmates something to think about. 

Still I Rise

You may write me down in history
With your bitter, twisted lies,
You may trod me in the very dirt
But still, like dust, I'll rise.

Does my sassiness upset you?
Why are you beset with gloom?
’Cause I walk like I've got oil wells
Pumping in my living room.

Just like moons and like suns,
With the certainty of tides,
Just like hopes springing high,
Still I'll rise.

Did you want to see me broken?
Bowed head and lowered eyes?
Shoulders falling down like teardrops,
Weakened by my soulful cries?

Does my haughtiness offend you?
Don't you take it awful hard
’Cause I laugh like I've got gold mines
Diggin’ in my own backyard.

You may shoot me with your words,
You may cut me with your eyes,
You may kill me with your hatefulness,
But still, like air, I’ll rise.

Does my sexiness upset you?
Does it come as a surprise
That I dance like I've got diamonds
At the meeting of my thighs?

Out of the huts of history’s shame
I rise
Up from a past that’s rooted in pain
I rise
I'm a black ocean, leaping and wide,
Welling and swelling I bear in the tide.

Leaving behind nights of terror and fear
I rise
Into a daybreak that’s wondrously clear
I rise
Bringing the gifts that my ancestors gave,
I am the dream and the hope of the slave.
I rise
I rise
I rise.
Maya Angelou, "Still I Rise" from And Still I Rise: A Book of Poems.  Copyright © 1978 by Maya Angelou.  Used by permission of Random House, an imprint and division of Penguin Random House LLC. All rights reserved.


Month 10 Week 1 Craft and Structure

Craft and Structure: Informational Reading CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.9-10.4   Craft and Structure  Interpret words and phrases as ...