Monday, April 16, 2018


Your final will be an exact replica of the midterm. You will read several short passages and answer questions based on literary concepts you have been studying over the year. Annotating will play a major part in how well you will be able to find the answers to questions asked. Remember the keys to successful test taking given in the past. There might be some help on Smoop also.  

Terms to know:
types of figurative language
how to recognize types of themes
finding the central idea of a text
character traits
supporting details to back your conclusions 
author's purpose

Friday, March 23, 2018

Month 8 Week 1 SOAPStone


Can you SOAPStone Lincoln's Gettysberg Address? i do not want you to duplicate another student's work which will be difficult, but do try to answer independently, use your own words.

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

Month 8 Week 2 Spriing Break


Month 8 Week 3Connotation v. Denotation

Everyone knows the saying that “A picture is worth a thousand words.” The opposite is true, also: “One word is worth a thousand pictures.” Most words have a dictionary definition that specifies what the meaning of that word is. For example, a “church” is a building in which people worship. That is its denotation.

 Some people, though, may have an idea in their mind that a “church” is a place to receive comfort, or a building in which marriages are performed, or a place they were forced to go every Sunday as children. Those are the word’s connotations— meanings that are inferred by the person understanding the word “church” through different contexts. A connotation is what is implied by the word. People understand the connotations of words and sentences through their experiences with a specific word and how it has been used. 

 While the denotation of something does not change—the sky is the sky, regardless of the weather, the time, or the season—the connotation will change: The sky might be threatening if UFO’s are suddenly seen in it, or if there is a tornado approaching. It is vital to know both when you are reading and writing. That’s why the English language has so many different words for the same thing. By developing a powerful vocabulary, you can add richness and depth to your ability to communicate.

There are three elements of connotation:
1. Shades of meaning—There are many connotations that depend on shades of meaning of a word. As an example: If you want to say that the weather outside is hot, but you don’t want to give the temperature an actual number, you might say that the air is baking, stifling, sweltering, equatorial, scorching, sizzling, boiling, or burning. Notice how the terms move from a mild form of hot to something that is positively dangerous.
 2. Positive of negative associations – The second element of a word’s connotation is its positive of negative character. Many words have the exact same denotative meaning, but have very different connotative uses. The word “passionate” has the same denotative meaning as “zealous”—having or showing strong and earnest feelings on a topic—but the words have opposite connotative meanings. “Passionate” is generally used when describing something positively—eg., He loved his dog passionately— and “zealous” is used when describing something negatively—e.g., He guarded his money zealously. Note that neither adverb would work if it were substituted for the other, simply because of their connotations.
 3. Personal Interpretation—A third aspect of connotative meaning is interpretation. People understand what a word means because of their background and their previous experience with the word. This allows each person to interpret words differently from the way other people do. “Strong” may bring about thoughts of a wrestler, or a storm, or even a smell or taste. “Dark” simply means the absence of light, which is its denotation, but “dark” has the connotation of fear, mystery, suspense, confusion, nighttime, gloom, shadows, and more. It all depends on the associations people have had with the word.

Discuss your opinions of these two paragraphs.

I. When the young marshal strolled onto the filthy main street of 1885 Tombstone, Arizona, he worried that a hidden killer might be lurking behind the pile of broken wagon parts on the left, so he walked slowly and carefully. He looked cautiously, staring, squinting through the noonday sun’s glare. Nothing! A light film of summer dust clung to his leather boots; the ever-present particles in the air made him cough quietly. A sudden movement to his right startled him, and his gun left his holster quickly, but he saw only a scrawny mutt digging in the dust for a previously chewed bone. He grimaced and hesitantly put the revolver back.

II. The experienced lawman sauntered through the muddy main street of 1885 Tombstone, Arizona. He knew that a killer might be waiting around the next corner, so he took his time. He glanced warily, keeping his eyes half-shut in the noonday sun. Nothing bothered him, not even the constant dirt that covered his worn leather boots. He coughed from the dust in the air. A quick movement to his right caught his eye and made him turn quickly. The gun flew out of his holster in an instant. A thin dog was scrounging through the dirt trying to locate its old worn-out bone. He smiled and confidently put the six-shooter back.

Month 8 Week 4 Slang, Dialect, and Colloquial Speech

Literary Devises

Colloquialism, Slang, and Jargon

Find an example of one of the listed devises in a peice of literary and post for your colleagues to distinguish (guess) 

Thursday, March 1, 2018

Month 7 Week 2 Academic Writing

Five tips to help your writing.

Some of these tips may seem elementary but I continue to see them in your academic writing. After viewing the video think about your writing and comment on one area you can improve on. Take one minute and write (1) the main point you are taking from this week's post.

A few words about “Academic Voice” 
 Use precise, succinct language
 Avoid contractions  Avoid slang and casual language 
 Make your subjects and verbs clear 
 Use transitions to connect your ideas
 Use other academic texts as models
Academic writing does not mean: 
 Sounding like a boring robot
 Including every fancy word you have ever seen
 Write clearly and directly
 Read to write – become familiar with style and tone in our field’s publications
  Many academic texts follow a “broad – narrow – broad” pattern
  Look for this pattern as you read academic texts

Month 7 Week 3 Mind Map

Mind map WATCH

Discuss how a mind map can help you in Language Arts? If you are a student of mine in class or otherwise bring a mind map as one of your samples (may be any subject). 


Your final will be an exact replica of the midterm. You will read several short passages and answer questions based on literary concepts you...